Custom embedded computers are systems that utilize a devoted function contained by a larger automated, mechanical or electrical system. In many cases these systems have computing limits which operate in real-time. The system is embedded as a component of complete device, which in many cases includes hardware and machine-driven parts. On the contrary, a generic workstation, for example, a personal computer (PC), has been specifically designed to be able to be used in a myriad of ways and also to satisfy a wide variety of end-user requirements. Custom embedded computers are currently being utilized in numerous devices at present.
These Rugged Military Computer Systems are created to respond to signals in their environment. Therefore, they naturally have many military applications. These include SDR (Software-Defined Radio), imaging, avionics, telemetry, radar, C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance), sonar and more. The reason these systems work so well in the military industry is the fact that they are extremely reliable and are designed to run consistently for long periods of time.
A program of the US Armed Forces called The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) was established to conceptualize radios that deliver both flexible and inoperable communications. Instances of radio terminals that necessitate maintenance include not only hand-held devices, but also airborne, dismounted and vehicular radios, in addition to stationary and naval base-stations.
The program provides a fresh and highly flexible method to satisfy soldier communications requirements which can be quite diverse. This was accomplished through the use of software-programmable radio technology. This is all made possible through the use of the technology of custom embedded computers.
Telemetry is another way the military utilizes custom embedded computers. Telemetry is an extremely automated communications method in which information is gathered at isolated points and is transferred to specific equipment for surveillance.
Telemetry was a vital source of intelligence for the United States and the UK when Soviet missiles were being tested. Telemetry was also a resource for the Soviets, who conducted operations including surveillance ships in Cardigan Bay to spy on UK missile trials conducted in the area.